Do you know what the Punjabi Wedding Rituals and Traditions of a Sikh Wedding are all about?
Pre-Punjabi Wedding Rituals
Rokka: In this ceremony the boy and the girl commit to enter wedlock, and will not consider any more matrimonial proposals. Ardas is done, followed by the exchange of gifts.
Mangni: The engagement, usually very high profile, is when the boy’s side of the family goes to the girl’s side with gifts, Indian Indian Wedding Jewelry, and other goods to confirm the engagement for the proposed Indian marriage, and often an exchange of rings also takes place.
Shagan: This is the main engagement with the bride’s family going with gifts to the groom’s home. These gifts are called shagan, i.e. lucky presents.
Chunni Chadana: This ceremony consists of when the boy’s side goes to the bride’s home, a day or two before the Sikh wedding. They take a red chunni and place it on the bride’s head, and also bring makeup, jewelry, mehndi, red nail polish, bindis and other accessories to symbolize her new life with her in-laws.
Sangeet: The Sangeet can be one day or many days before the Indian Wedding ceremony and is usually held at a high profile banquet hall. The ceremony consists of ladies singing Punjabi Wedding songs and traditional Indian songs. It is the Indian version of the Western bridal shower.
Mehndi: The Mehndi ceremony takes place in the atmosphere of a party. The bride and other ladies get mehndhi (henna designs) done on their hands and feet and usually Punjabi wedding songs are played or sung with dancing. Most ladies get it done only on their hands, but the bride gets it done on both her hands and feet. For the bride the mehndi is sent by the future mother-in-law.
Chuda Ceremony: This ceremony is performed by the maternal uncle and aunt (mama – mami) of the bride. The chuda, a set of red and cream ivory bangles, are touched by all present to signify their blessings and good wishes fo the bride.
Vatna: This Punjabi wedding ritual demands that the bride-to-be stays at home in her old clothes for a couple of days before her wedding before her bath, vatna (a paste of powdered turmeric and mustard oil) which is applied on her body by female relatives and friends.
Jaggo: The Jaggo, Punjabi Wedding ritual ceremony is where the family dances and sings Punjabi wedding songs on the road in front and around the beautifully decorated wedding home. The Jaggo happens in the last few hours of the night before the wedding.
Sikh Wedding Rituals
Milni: means “Introductions”. The Ardas (prayer) is performed by the Giani (priest) followed by the formal introduction of the males in the families. An example is both eldest Chachas (father’s younger brother) will come together and exchange garlands of flowers and money.
Laavan: The Laavan consists of the bride and groom walking in tow around the Guru Granth Sahib four times at the set intervals if it is a Sikh or Punjabi wedding.
Vidaai/Doli: Doli marks the departure of the bride from her parental house. As a custom, the bride throws phulian or puffed rice over her head. According to the Punjabi Sikh wedding ritual this conveys her good wishes for her parents. The bride’s brother or cousin accompanies her when she goes to her husband’s house.
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